Migratory birds of Navi Mumbai

Long journeys of aviary creatures

Scavenging the forest with sharp shooting weapons. Pic: Jyoti Nadkarni

Birds in India migrate from Northern latitudes to escape cold temperatures during winter. Some arrive during monsoons to breed and some are passage migrants that take a pit stop in the country around October-November and March-April, during their journeys elsewhere. Some are local migrants that move within the country according to their breeding cycle. 

We should appreciate the long journeys which migratory birds take in order to complete their life cycle. In terms of migration routes of birds, Navi Mumbai lies near one of the paths of the Central Asian Flyway. 

Starling, Buntings, Rosefinch, Stonechat and Pipits migrate to Mumbai during the winter from Central and Northern Asia and Europe.  Bee-Eater and Shrikes migrate within the country and are found along dry grassy/shrubby/rocky areas of the city.

Read more: Birdspotting – from dawn to dusk

(left) Blue-tailed-Bee-Eaters (right) Long-tailed-Shrike
L- Blue-tailed Bee-Eaters, R- Long-tailed Shrike, sighted at Kharghar, are local migrants within the country, although the latter one also migrates from higher latitudes.
(left) siberian stonechat (right) tree pipit
L- Siberian Stonechat, R- Tree Pipit, sighted at Kharghar are grassland birds, migrating from Central and Northern Asia and Europe. Others like Flycatchers and Thrushes, which migrate from Himalayas and higher latitudes, prefer the forests of the city.
(left) tickells thrush (right) eyebrowed thrush
L- Tickell’s Thrush, R- Eyebrowed Thrush, sighted at Belapur, are rare vagrants migrating from Himalayas. High diversity of Waders, Ducks, migrate from Central and Northern Asia and Europe, along with Egrets, Heron, Ibis, Spoonbill, Storks, Flamingos, which migrate within India and from higher latitudes, are found near water bodies and creeks of the city.
pacific golden plovers
Pacific Golden Plovers, sighted at Kharghar, migrate from Arctic regions of Asia and Europe. They are waders found near the creek.
(left) red crested pochards (middle) ruddy shelducks (right) northern shovelers
L- Red-crested Pochards, M- Ruddy Shelducks, R- Northern Shovelers, sighted at Uran and Seawoods are migratory ducks from Europe, Central and Northern Asia.
flamingos in water
Lesser and Greater Flamingos, sighted in immense numbers at Seawoods during winter, migrate from Africa and Gujarat. They feed on blue-green algae, which gives them their pink colour.

Birds of prey also migrate to the city, like Eagles and Buzzard, which are found near land areas, Osprey and Harrier, which are found near water, migrate from Central and Northern Asia and Europe.
(left) Osprey (right) western marsh harrier
L- Osprey, R- Western Marsh-Harrier, sighted at Kharghar, migrated from Central and Northern Asia and Europe. They are birds of prey found near water bodies and creeks.
(left) pied cuckoo (right) amur falcon
L- Pied Cuckoo, R- Amur Falcon, sighted at Kharghar.

Also read:

Support Citizen Matters - independent, Reader-funded media that covers your city like no other.DONATE
About Tarang Sarin 3 Articles
Tarang Sarin, is a Geologist research scholar at IIT Bombay and currently lives in Kharghar. He is doing everything he can to build awareness about the importance of preserving the nature that we have around us


  1. Nice approach and steps to develop our Navi Mumbai…giving it more of natural values.

    I really feel someone to lead this…and if we gain success, It would be really heaven of India.. the fourth metropolitan city of The India

Comments are closed.